ASCOLI, GRAZIADIO ISAIA


ASCOLI, GRAZIADIO ISAIA
ASCOLI, GRAZIADIO ISAIA (1829–1907), Italian philologist and linguist from gorizia . Ascoli was very closely connected with the Jewish cultural milieu of Abram Vita Reggio, samuel david luzzatto , and Filosseno Luzzatto; from 1850 to 1852 he was president of the Jewish community of Gorizia. Ascoli devoted himself to the promotion of scientific philology in Italy. At the age of 16 he published Sull'idioma friulano e sulla sua affinità con la lingua valaca. Schizzo storico-filologico (1846), a comparative study of the Friulan dialect and the Wallachian tongue. In 1861, on the basis of his research on Turkish and Oriental languages, Studii orientali e linguistici (Gorizia, 1854–61), he was appointed professor of linguistics at the Regia Accademia Scientifico-Letteraria of Milan. He held the chair for over 40 years and influenced many Italian philologists of his own and succeeding generations. His Lezioni di Fonologia Comparata del Sanscrito, del Greco e del Latino (Turin, 1870) and Studi critici (Turin, 1877) wrought a revolution in comparative Indo-Germanic philology. Ascoli made important contributions to the field of comparative linguistics, including the theory that the different Romance dialects had been influenced by Celtic dialects before the period of the Roman Empire and the spread of Latin. He was the first scholar to formulate many of the laws of phonetic change. His outstanding work on Romance philology, Saggi ladini, was published in the journal Archivio glottologico italiano, which he founded in 1873, and was awarded the Bopp Prize by the Berlin Academy in 1874. In addition, Ascoli published Die Ziegeuner in Europa und Asien (Halle, 1865), Studi Ario-Semitici (1865), Lettere Glottologiche (1879–85), and Il Codice irlandese dell'Ambrosiana (Turin, 1877). Ascoli also devoted himself to Jewish historical research and published papers on the Hebrew, Latin, and Greek inscriptions on early medieval Jewish tombstones in southern Italy. The greater part of Ascoli's scientific papers were published in the Archivio glottologico italiano, of which 15 volumes had appeared up to 1900. Ascoli received many honors and scientific appointments in Italy and in Europe (mainly in Germany) and he was a member of the Academies of Science at Paris, Leningrad, Vienna, and Budapest and of the Italian Council for Higher Education. In 1889 he became a senator of the Italian Kingdom. His son, MOISÈ ASCOLI (1859–1921), was a distinguished physicist. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.E. Loricchio, Graziadio Isaia Ascoli biografia di un intellettuale (1999); A. Casella and G. Lucchini, Graziadio e Moisè Ascoli. Scienza, cultura e politica nell'Italia liberale (2002). (Federica Francesconi (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ascoli, Graziadio Isaia — ▪ Italian linguist born July 16, 1829, Gorizia, Venetia, Austrian Empire [now in Italy] died Jan. 21, 1907, Milan       Italian linguist who pioneered in dialect studies, emphasized the importance of studying living vernaculars, and prepared a… …   Universalium

  • Ascoli, Graziadio Isaia — ► (1829 1907) Filólogo italiano. Realizó los primeros estudios de dialectología. Estudios orientales y lingüísticos (1855) y Fonología comparada del sánscrito, el griego y el latín (1870) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ascoli, Graziadio Isaia — (Gorizia 1829 Milano 1907) linguista, fondatore dell’ “Archivio glottologico italiano” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Graziadio Isaia Ascoli — Graziadio Isaia Ascoli. Graziadio Isaia Ascoli est un linguiste italien, né à Gorizia le 16 juillet 1829 et mort à Milan le 21 janvier 1907. Il fut aussi sénateur (XVIe législature du Royaume d Italie). On lui doit notamment l identification,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Graziadio-Isaia Ascoli — (* 16. Juli 1829 in Görz/Gorizia; † 21. Januar 1907 in Mailand) war ein italienischer Sprachwissenschaftler und Orientalist. Graziadio Isaia Ascoli Ohne eine formelle höhere Ausbildung erhalten zu haben, verfasste er 1854 als Autodidakt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Graziadio Isaia Ascoli — (* 16. Juli 1829 in Görz/Gorizia; † 21. Januar 1907 in Mailand) war ein italienischer Sprachwissenschaftler und Orientalist. Graziadio Isaia Ascoli Ohne eine formelle höhere Ausbildung erhalten zu haben, verfasste er 1854 als Autodidakt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Graziadio Isaia Ascoli — (16 July 1829 21 January 1907) was an Italian linguist. Life and work Ascoli was born in an Italian speaking Jewish family in the multiethnic town of Gorizia, then part of the Austrian Empire (now in Italy). Already as a boy, he learned other… …   Wikipedia

  • Ascoli — Ascoli, Graziadio Isaia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Graziadio Ascoli — Graziadio Isaia Ascoli (* 16. Juli 1829 in Görz/Gorizia, Illyrien; † 21. Januar 1907 in Mailand) war ein italienischer Sprachwissenschaftler und Orientalist. Graziadio Isaia Ascoli Ohne eine formelle höhere Ausbildung erhalten zu haben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ascŏli — Ascŏli, Graziadio Isaia, ital. Sprachforscher, geb. 16. Juli 1829 in Görz, wurde zum Kaufmann bestimmt, wandte sich aber dem Sprachstudium zu und brachte es ohne Anleitung so weit, daß er schon im 16. Lebensjahr eine vortreffliche Arbeit über das …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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